A member of the Democratic Party, Janet Napolitano is known as the first woman to serve as the United States Secretary of Homeland Security. She has been in the office since 2009, following her six-year term as the 21st Governor of Arizona. She was also the first woman and the 23rd person to serve as the Attorney General of Arizona, where she pushed for innovative gun laws such as the Youth Handgun Safety Act. She began entering the public stage when she served as attorney for Anita Hill during the Senate testimony against the US Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas in 1991. Among her major achievements was her being one of the prosecutors of the first Violence Against Women cases in the United States, punishing offenders who committed acts of domestic violence. As the Governor of Arizona, she converted $1 billion deficit in year 2003 to a $300 surplus without calling for a raise in taxes.